Three symbols (left to right): Islam (Hamsa), Christianity (the cross), Judaism (star of David)
There are all together three main religions in Middle East: Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. These 3 religions are also known as Abrahamic religions, which are monotheistic religions. The main commonality between these three religions is the origin. The Abrahamic religions are referred to their origins about Abraham, a man who is said to live 4000 years ago. Abraham was the only known human-being that believes in one and all-powerful god. It is said that God made a convenant with Abraham that his further generations will be God’s “chosen one”.
Although these three religions all have the same origin, but as the time passes by, each of the religion gradually changes. For example, in Judaism, the descendants of Abraham are called Jews. In Islam, the descendants of Isaac (Abraham’s son) are Jews, and the descendants of Ishmael (Abraham’s son) are Arabs. In Christianity, the descendants of Abraham are called Jews, and the followers of Jesus are called Christians.
These three religions all have a holy book, which talks about the prophets, the history and the laws of ancient Hebrew. In Islam, the holy book is known as the Koran, in Christianity, the holy book is known as the bible, and in Judaism, the holy book is known as the TekNaKH. One major difference between the Koran and the other holy books are the Koran contains all the revelations God made to Muhammad. This is different than the other two holy books because in Christianity and Islam, there is still an ongoing revelations of God’s message.
The worship services and practices also occur on different days and in different ways for some religions. Every Sunday, Christians have to go to church to pray, read scriptures and listen to sermons from the bible. Every Friday, Muslims have to go to mosque to pray, read scriptures and listen to sermons. Every Friday evening to Saturday evening, Jews have to go to the synagogue to pray, read scriptures, and listen to sermons. Jews worship service is called the Sabbath, it starts with everyone having a family meal. The meal includes breaking bread and sharing wine.
The goals of these three religions are all to have a moral life. And the goals all can be found in each of the holy book for each religion. Christians, Jews, and Muslims consider Jerusalem as a holy and sacred city. Christians and Jews believe Jerusalem as the holiest city, however, Muslims think Mecca is the holiest city.
Being able to understand the religions is important in understand the Israeli-Palestine conflict and other conflicts in the world, this is because you will not only understand how these places became the way they became, but the solution to the conflict. By understanding these religions, you’ll be able to be explain how these religions can re-unite because they all have the same connection, they all have the same origin.